Creating an Ergonomic Workstation

Your Ergonomic Computer Desk

Anyone who spends time using a computer workstation will appreciate the importance of setting up an ergonomic computer desk and workspace. Even small adjustments in the position of a keyboard or monitor or using an ergonomic footrest can make a big difference in reducing pain or eye strain.

Setting up an ergonomic computer desk and workspace is not difficult. Just keep the basic ergonomic principles in mind and determine the right ergonomic products for your workspace.

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Basic Ergonomic Computer Desk Principles

Work Surface

When setting up an ergonomic computer desk, the work surface height is a great place to start. If you have a desk already, note the shape of the desk edge you’ll be facing when you work. A traditional rectangular desk with a straight edge provides the most flexibility in setting up a monitor and keyboard tray. However, there are easy solutions for desks that form a radius, diagonal, or 90-degree corner -- popular configurations in today’s home and commercial office spaces. Adjustable height work surfaces are ideal for stations with multiple users.


Your monitor should be placed on your ergonomic computer desk such that the top of the screen is at eye level or slightly below. This keeps eye strain to a minimum and can help reduce back and shoulder pain. To adjust the height properly, you may need a monitor lift or arm. Your chair height (see below) will also affect the monitor position.

Keyboard and Mouse

Your keyboard position is one of the most critical aspects of your ergonomic computer desk. A large percentage of repetitive motion injuries stem from incorrect keyboard and/or mouse positioning. Adjust the height of your ergonomic keyboard tray so that your forearms are parallel to the floor, with your elbows at a 90° angle. Be sure to use an ergonomic wrist support with your keyboard and an adjustable mouse tray, positioned in line with your keyboard tray.


Another key part of creating an ergonomic computer desk is selecting a comfortable chair. Ergonomically designed chairs have backs that are adjustable in height and angle. They typically have some lumbar support, but often people with back pain will use an ergonomic back support in addition. Your chair should have adjustable height arm rests as well. Once you set up your ergonomic computer desk and adjust your chair to a comfortable height, be sure your feet are flat on the floor. If not, you may need a foot rest to elevate them.

Equipment Access

Your ergonomic computer desk isn’t complete without accessories that make it easier for you to reach computer equipment and view your work. A CPU holder can help reduce back strain by holding your CPU securely, and bringing it up off the floor and closer to you. A PowerTap™ grommet can also help reduce back strain from bending over to manage power or ethernet cords.

Keeping these principles of setting up an ergonomic computer desk in mind can help you ease any current pain you may be feeling and may help reduce your chance of getting repetitive motion injuries in the future.


CU Ergo (Cornell Ergonomics Web): “Focuses on ways to enhance usability by improving the ergonomic design of hardware, software, and workplaces, to enhance people's comfort, performance and health.

OSHA on Computer Workstations

UCLA Ergonomics Program: “designed to provide workers with practical information on ergonomics. Both blue and white collar workers will find helpful information on work techniques, equipment, and injury prevention and exercises.”

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